Special Report

Special Report is an English digest of KRIHS research reports, published to provide information about Korea`s key urban and regional issues to interested scholars and policy makers across the world. It highlights the outstanding research studies completed by the research fellows of KRIHS.
  • Special Report (Vol. 48) View Down
    Special Report Vol. 48 (2019)   Development of a Big Data Platform for Converged and Integrated Applications in Land and Housing Chapter I. Research Background and Purpose  Chapter II. Status of informatization in land and housing and the implications 1. Status of informatization in land and housing 2. Big data policy status 3. Environmental change and demand 4. Implications ​ Chapter III. Vision and strategies for the convergence of land and housing 1. Development direction for the convergence of land and housing 2. Vision and strategies       Chapter IV. Measures and tasks for promoting convergence in the field of land and housing     1. Provision of reliable data with high applicability 2. Construction and provision of user-friendly platform 3. Development of services with diverse applications in the public and private sectors 4. Establishment of the base environment for the promotion of land and housing big data platform       Chapter V. Conclusion Summary This study aims to suggest directions and strategies for promoting the industries related to land and housing in Korea by creating a base that enables easy and convenient data sharing and utilization in various fields.   In the land and housing sector, an information system is being built and operated for the efficiency of administrative work and convenience of citizen services. However, different data are being provided for the same contents because the linkage among data is not smooth and similar data have been developed in duplication by different institutions. These problems are hindering the promotion of the real estate industry and the private market. Therefore, it is essential to build a basis to establish the master data that are commonly used in land and housing and to standardize and provide various data in the land and housing sector. In addition, a land and housing big data platform should be built to store, collect, process and analyze the data to then create new services.   Creation of a base environment is essential such as the institutions and public relations to be able to smoothly build and operate the land and housing big data and platform. Furthermore, it is important to improve the institutions related to personal information to enable diverse utilization of data as well as the institutions related to real estate market promotion to invigorate the market.   The land and housing big data platform will play an important role in creating various new industries in the future by acting as the seed of data-based policy decision making in the public sector and the creation of new industries in the private sector.    
  • Special Report (Vol. 47) View Down
    Special Report Vol. 47 (2019) A Study on the Feasibility Study and Performance Management of Urban Regeneration Projects Chapter I. Research Background and Purpose 1. Increasing importance of evaluation and performance management of urban regeneration new deal projects 2. Systematic performance management by improving the evaluation system of urban regeneration projects Chapter II. Analysis of the condition of the evaluation system related to urban regeneration projects 1. Legal system related to the evaluation of urban regeneration projects 2. Operation status of the urban regeneration project evaluation system 3. Implication ​ Chapter III. Plan to reorganize the evaluation system of urban regeneration projects 1. Basic direction of the evaluation system reorganization 2. Criteria for improving evaluation items and improvement plan(proposal) Chapter IV. Suggestion of methods to improve the evaluation system 1. Presentation of specific project goals and encouragement for achievement using the performance indicators 2. Promotion of systematic urban regeneration project management by establishing roles of entities 3. Evaluation verification system and introduction of a specialist institution for systematic evaluation managementlishing roles of entities 4. Improvement of the project management system in connection with the advancement of the urban regeneration information system Summary This study was motivated by the necessity of improving the evaluation system of the urban regeneration project. The study’s primary concern in this regard is to reorganize the evaluation system for all phases of urban regeneration projects, and to strength the pre-evaluation function of urban regeneration projects. Particularly, this study intends to establish a rational evaluation method that can verify the project feasibility prior to the project to only promote the projects that are in line with the goals of the urban regeneration new deal policy and are fit for the local situations and project characteristics. As the study’s main outputs, this study intends to provide a check-list based evaluation form by unifying the existing gateway review process divided into two stages and by eliminating duplicate evaluation items. The unified evaluation form will enable systematic management of the conditions and problems of the urban regeneration new deal projects which are being promoted nationwide. Feasibility study should be linked to the annual implementation performance evaluation in the project implementation phase so that efficient evaluation and management can be achieved. Corrective measures in response to the feasibility study results, implementation performance by sub-project, and the level of achievement of the performance and impact indicators should be regularly assessed to induce achievement of the planned goals. In the comprehensive performance evaluation stage, the evaluation should take place on whether the originally planned performances and impacts of the overall project have been achieved. The evaluation system should use the evaluation items and methodologies that measure the expected impacts of urban regeneration projects in the project selection and planning phases. We intend to prepare the indicators and calculation methods for the social, economic, cultural and environmental achievements that can be created by subprojects and the effects that can be created by the overall project and induce the local governments to utilize these in the stage of urban regeneration activation planning. This study has some limitations although it has contributions in establishing the procedure to evaluate the feasibility of urban regeneration project in each stages. Most of all, the feasibility evaluation of the project in the planning stage could not be analyzed in a statistically robust manner because the comprehensive effect of the project is visualized in long-term period. In light of this, additional analyses are worthwhile to confirm or revise this study’s results by analyzing relevant data associated with a more extensive set of cases. Moreover, further research is required to quantify the impacts of urban regeneration as a whole.
  • Special Report (Vol. 46)
    Special Report Vol. 46 (2019) Developing a Location Affordability Index Incorporating Transportation Costs in Korea Chapter I. Introduction 1. Background and Purpose of the Research 2. Scope of the research, research methods, and analysis data 3. Definition of terms Chapter II. Theory and application of methods of measuring affordability 1. Development methods of measuring affordability 2. Development of an affordability index that takes transportation costs into consideration 3. Examples of location affordability index in the policy sphere 4. Need for, and implications of, a location affordability index ​ Chapter III. Analysis of affordability taking transportation costs into account, and development of an index 1. Flow of analysis 2. Housing cost burden 3. Analysis of transportation cost 4. Analysis of housing cost burdens plus transportation costs 5. Development principles for a location affordability index 6. Defining a location affordability index and methods of utilization Chapter IV. Analysis of the Effects Housing Costs and Transportation Costs Have When Selecting Housing Locations   1. Research outline 2. Housing cost burden and housing and transportation cost burden 3. Transportation cost and sensitivity characteristics 4. Impact of housing costs and transportation costs on location decisions 5. Impact of housing costs and transportation costs on location decisions Chapter V. Policy Implications of a Location Affordability Index 1. Methods of utilization for housing policies 2. Methods of utilization for transportation policies 3. Methods of utilization for urban renewal policies Chapter Ⅳ. Conclusions and follow-up tasks 1. Conclusions and policy proposals 2. Academic and policy contributions of the research 3. Limitations of the research and follow-up tasks 4. Implications for developing nations References Summary