Special Report

Special Report is an English digest of KRIHS research reports, published to provide information about Korea`s key urban and regional issues to interested scholars and policy makers across the world. It highlights the outstanding research studies completed by the research fellows of KRIHS.
  • Special Report (Vol. 05)
    Special Report (Vol. 05) 첨부파일
    This study aims to suggest concrete measures to be taken for the cooperation between South and North Korea in their border region through Peace Belt establishment. The need and feasibility of building a Peace Belt in border region, including the Demilitarized Zone, is examined in the paper. An integrated cooperation plan is suggested for developing the border region such as plans for cooperatively using the resources, conserving the natural environment, and designating and developing the Cooperation Zones. Other cooperative projects included in the plan are traffic network connection, natural disaster prevention and excavation and restoration of the cultural and historic heritages in the region. Through the careful and thorough examination on the potential Peace Belt in the border region, the study is expected to contribute to the appropriate and rational utilization of the national territory and the settlement of peace on the Korean peninsula, with the belt laying a strengthened foundation for inter-Korean exchanges and cooperation. Keywords: DMZ, MDL, Cooperation Zone,Peace Belt, cooperation project
  • Special Report (Vol. 04)
    Special Report (Vol. 04) 첨부파일
    SPECIAL REPORT VOL. 4 (2004) LAND MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM IN KOREA Chapter 1. Introduction  Chapter 2. An Outline of the Korean Housing Market 1. Evolution of the Korean housing market 2. Framework of housing policy in Korea 3. Major housing policy measures 4. Statistical data on the housing sector 5. Housing for low-income households  Chapter 3. Understanding the Jeonse System 1. How does the jeonse system work? 2. The role of jeonse in private financing 3. Jeonse as a form of housing tenure  Chapter 4. Recent Market Trends and Features 1. Recent market trends 2. Major features of the jeonse market  Chapter 5. Analyses of Agents' Behavior in the Jeonse Market 1. Consumers' choice of tenure 2. Jeonse suppliers' housing investment conditions  Chapter 6. Changes in Housing Market Conditions and Current Issues 1. Changes in market conditions 2. Effects on the rental housing market 3. Current issues  Chapter 7. Policy Recommendations 1. Basic policy directions 2. Short-term measures for protection of tenure security 3. Mid-to-long term measures to streamline the rental housing market Foreword  Jeonse is the dominant form of tenure in Korea; as many as one third of the nation’s households are living in jeonse homes. The jeonse system is unique to Korea: the tenant makes a lump sum jeonse deposit to the landlord instead of paying rent and the landlord returns the deposit in full when the jeonse contract expires. As the jeonse deposit is quite a large amount of money, as much as half of the sale price in general, it is not easy for an ordinary tenant to secure it all at once.  Contrary to house sale prices that repeatedly have “ups and downs,” jeonse prices have been on the rise, with the exception of the time of the 1997 financial crisis. At that time, jeonse prices fell so steeply that almost all jeonse transactions were paralyzed. However, as Korea successfully overcame the crisis, jeonse prices began to rise again at a pace that almost threatened the tenure security of low-income families. Furthermore, under the current low interest policy, landlords are increasingly turning from jeonse to monthly rental for higher interest yields, thus placing more pressure on low-income households for housing expenses.  This study is intended to identify the factors that contribute to the continuous rise of jeonse prices and monthly rentals and to suggest appropriate measures to cope with the current changes in the housing market. In particular, it attempts to find solutions to the problems of rising jeonse prices and monthly rentals as the structural changes of the rental housing market are rapidly taking place.  This monograph is an English version of the report “Structural Changes in the Rental Housing Market: Causes and Policy Responses.” It touches upon the major issues of the Korean housing sector, including the changing environment of house rental tenure, protection of rental tenure security for low-income households, and streamlining the rental market. This monograph is repared because the KRIHS housing researchers want to communicate with foreign counterparts, housing scholars and students alike, in order to gain comparative perspectives on critical issues of Korean housing and to draw some valuable comments and references for further research. I hope that the readers will help us successfully attain our goal.  Jeong-Sik Lee, President Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements
  • Special Report (Vol. 03)
    Special Report (Vol. 03) 첨부파일
    SPECIAL REPORT VOL. 3 (2003) BUILDING INFRASTRUCTURE FOR THE  FACILITATION OF ECONOMIC COOPERATION  IN NORTHEAST ASIA IN THE 21ST CENTURY:  FOCUSING ON LAND TRANSPORT LINKAGES  BETWEEN KOREA AND CHINA Chapter 1. Economic Cooperation among Northeast Asian Countries  1. Economic cooperation between South Korea, China and Japan 2. North Korea's economic exchanges with South Korea, China and Japan  Chapter 2. Transport Systems in Northeast Asia and Transport Demand between Korea and China 1. Transport systems in Northeast Asia 2. Transport demand between Korea and China  Chapter 3. Land Transport Linkages between Korea and China 1. Current state of land transport in South and North Korea and Northeast China 2. Land connections between China and North Korea 3. Land connections between South and North Korea 4. Institutional improvements  Chapter 4. Alternative Land Transport Corridors for the Integration of Transport Systems in China and Korea 1. Considerations in the land transport linkages between Korea and China 2. Potential land transport corridors 3. Significance and effects of Korea-China land connections  Chapter 5. Land Transport Demand Estimation between Korea and China 1. Estimation of freight transport demand for the Seoul-Beijing section 2. Estimation of the travel demand for the Seoul-Beijing section 3. Significance and limitations of land transport demand estimation Chapter 6. Strategic Approaches and Tasks Ahead  Chapter 7. Conclusions Foreword  Northeast Asia has witnessed a huge leap in regional trade volumes for the last 10 years. In spite of this, there has been no progress in the preparation of institutional devices to facilitate economic exchanges within the region. The Free Trade Agreement (FTA) discussions between Korea and Japan, or between Korea, Japan and China are at a standstill and appear to take a considerable length of time before reaching any conclusion. Therefore, at this point in time, it seems natural to seek alternative methods for promoting economic cooperation in Northeast Asia. In this context, this study focuses on the land transport linkages between Korea and China, the revitalization of inter- Korean economic cooperation and exchanges since the June 2000 summit, as well as Russia and China’s increasing interest in the land transport linkages with Korea also clearing the path ahead of the land transport linkages between Korea and China.  It is evident that the Korea-China land transport linkages will constitute an integral part of Northeast Asian transport systems and provide an opportunity to extend their reach to Europe in the long run. The study, however, confines the realm of its discussion to the land transport linkages between Korea and China, between which, the land transport demand is continuously rising. Necessities may arise in the future to complement the study in terms of potential land transport corridors and inter-modal transport demand evaluations as political and economic situations change in the region.  Yet the study is valuable in that it highlights the Busan-Shenyang route as a major land transport corridor to carry freight and passengers between Korea and China, with estimates on the diversion effect from sea and air transport to land transport. In addition, the study provides government authorities with policy recommendations to make the most use of Korea-China land transport linkages.  It is regretful, however, that the study could not be carried out based on the wide consensus of South and North Korean and Chinese experts because of the absence of North Korean experts. Nevertheless, we are very grateful to Jin Fengjun, Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Wang Huijun, Economies & Planning Research Institute of the Ministry of Railway, China; and Zhu Junfeng, Institute of Comprehensive Transportation, the State Development Planning Commission of China for their cooperation. A seminar was held in Korea on April 16, 2001 as part of the study and we are also very thankful to Il-Soo Jun, vice president of the Korea Transport Institute; Sun-Duck Suh, professor at Hanyang University; Kwang-Myung Ahn, manager of the Ministry of Finance and Economy; Jin-Seok Choi of the Korea Railroad Research Institute; and Jae-Young Ryu of KRIHS, who contributed valuable recommendations and advice at the seminar. Finally, we hope that this report will help the readers to understand the issues involved in the integration of Northeast Asian transport systems. Kyu-Bang Lee, President Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements
  • Special Report (Vol. 02)
    Special Report (Vol. 02) 첨부파일
    SPECIAL REPORT VOL. 2 (2002) Structural Changes in the Rental Housing Market: Causes and Policy Responses 1. Introduction 2. An Outline of the Korean Housing Market - Evolution of the Korean housing market - Framework of housing policy in Korea - Major housing policy measures - Statistical data on the housing sector - Housing for low-income house holds 3. Understanding the Jeonse System - How does the jeonse system work? - The role of jeonse in private financing - Jeonse as a form of housing tenure 4. Recent Market Trends and Features - Recent market trends - Major features of the jeonse market 5. Analyses of Agents' Behavior in the Jeonse Market - Consumers' choice of tenure - Jeonse supplier's housing investment conditions 6. Changes in Housing Market Conditions and Current Issues - Changes in market condition - Effects on the rental housing market - Current issues 7. Policy Recommendations - Basic policy directions - Short-term measures for protection of tenure security - Mid-to-long term measures to streamline the rental housing market Foreword  Jeonse is the dominant form of tenure in Korea; as many as one third of the nation' s households are living in jeonse homes. The jeonse system is unique to Korea: the tenant makes a lump sum jeonse deposit to the landlord instead of paying rent and the landlord returns the deposit in full when the jeonse contract expires. As the jeonse deposit is quite a large amount of money, as much as half of the sale price in general, it is not easy for an ordinary tenant to secure it all at once.  Contrary to house sale prices that repeatedly have “ups and downs," jeonse prices have been on the rise, with the exception of the time of the 1997 financial crisis. At that time, jeonse prices fell so steeply that almost all jeonse transactions were paralyzed. However, as Korea successfully overcame the crisis, jeonse prices began to rise again at a pace that almost threatened the tenure security of low-income families. Furthermore, under the current low interest policy, landlords are increasingly turning from jeonse to monthly rental for higher interest yields, thus placing more pressure on low-income households for housing expenses.  This study is intended to identify the factors that contribute to the continuous rise of jeonse prices and monthly rentals and to suggest appropriate measures to cope with the current changes in the housing market. In particular, it attempts to find solutions to the problems of rising jeonse prices and monthly rentals as the structural changes of the rental housing market are rapidly taking place.  This monograph is an English version of the report "Structural Changes in the Rental Housing Market: Causes and Policy Responses." It touches upon the major issues of the Korean housing sector, including the changing environment of house rental tenure, protection of rental tenure security for low-income households, and streamlining the rental market. This monograph is prepared because the KRIHS housing researchers want to communicate with foreign counterparts, housing scholars and students alike, in order to gain comparative perspectives on critical issues of Korean housing and to draw some valuable comments and references for further research. I hope that the readers will help us successfully attain our goal Jeong-Sik Lee, President Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements
  • Special Report (Vol. 01)
    Special Report (Vol. 01) 첨부파일
    Public Dispute Resolution in Korea 1. Introduction 2. Conceptual Issues in Dispute Resolution - What is a dispute? - Types of dispute over development issues - Trends of disputes in Korea - Causes of disputes - Negative and positive impacts of disputes 3. Recent Disputes over Regional Development in Korea - Intergovernmental Issues - Disputes between the government and residents 4. Analysis of Institutions for Dispute Resolution - Systems for resolving intergovernmental disputes - Systems for resolving disputes between - the government and residents 5. Conclusion and Recommendation - Basic principles of dispute resolution - Specific strategies for dispute resolution - Conclusion Bibliography
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