Special Report

Special Report is an English digest of KRIHS research reports, published to provide information about Korea`s key urban and regional issues to interested scholars and policy makers across the world. It highlights the outstanding research studies completed by the research fellows of KRIHS.
  • Special Report (Vol. 25)
    Special Report (Vol. 25) 첨부파일
    Changing Landscape of Private Rental Market in Korea Chapter 1. Introduction 1. Background and purpose of study 2. Methodology and research flow Chapter 2. Tenure Changes and Housing Conditions of Renters 1. Housing market tenure changes 2. Housing conditions of renters in the private market Chapter 3. Changing Landscape of the Private Rental Market 1. Trends of transaction volume in chonsei and MRD contract 2. Characteristics of chonsei transactions 3. Characteristics of? monthly rent transactions 4. Transaction characteristics by age group 5. Characteristics ?by house type 6. Findings and Implications Chapter 4. Policy Recommendations 1. Limitations of previous rental market policy measures 2. Housing stability measures tailored to tenure type and attributes Chapter 5. Policy Implications for Developing Countries 1. Uniqueness of rental lease contract in Korea: chonsei and MRD 2. Factors driving the recent private rental market changes 3. Possible lessons from Korea: nature of evolving housing issues References  
  • Special Report (Vol. 24)
    Special Report (Vol. 24) 첨부파일
    SPECIAL REPORT VOL. 24 (2013)   A Analysis on the Effects of Housing Policy for Rural Areas in Korea: Using System Dynamics Model      Chapter 1. Introduction      Chapter 2. Identification of Housing Service Index   1. Hedonic Price Model of Housing   2. Housing Price Model and Rental Price Model   3. Identification of Housing Service Index   Chapter 3. Development of System Dynamics (SD) Model to Analyze the Effects of Housing Policy for Rural Area   1. System Dynamics Model   2. Consideration on Housing Policy for Rural Area   3. Criteria of the Model   4. Composition of Model Chapter 4. Analysis on Policy Effects   1. Policy to Increase Supply for Rental Housing   2. Support for housing Purchase and Cost on Rental House   3. Effects of Low-Interest Rate Loan (Support for Expenses on Refurbishment and Repair)   4. Effects of Housing Allowance / Housing Voucher System   5. Housing Market Stabilization Policy: Application of Housing Price ceiling System   6. Overall Comparative Analysis on Policy Effects   Chapter 5. Conclusion       Summary  In Korea, rural areas have been serving as an important basis for living for a long time.   However, the status of rural areas has been weakened with a rapid decrease in population and households in rural areas and inflow of population into cities due to urbanization and industrialization. Many problems have occurred in rural areas including worn-out homes or vacant houses. In the meantime, new trend of returning to farming and rural areas has emerged as many people want to live in nature after retirement or people want to live a brand new life in rural areas. Now is the time to review the living conditions and environment in rural areas to make the areas more livable place for many people.  In quantitative terms, the housing conditions in rural areas are good with the appropriate number of houses but the ratio of vacant home is high, which serves as a major factor in deteriorating living environment. In qualitative terms, the issues of safety and convenience emerge as there are many old and rundown houses. In addition, the possibility of refurbishing or repairing the houses is low as most residents in the old house are the elderly.  This study defines rural areas as administrative districts classified into town and township and rural housing as the house located in rural areas. The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of housing policy on rural areas and identify the most effective policy. To this end, “housing service indicator”, which shows qualitative conditions of housing, was developed along with quantitative indicator on housing and living conditions. In addition, a simulation model was developed using system dynamics (SD) by identifying the causal relationship among various elements that compose the rural society. Based on the model, this study expects future housing conditions in rural areas, measures effects of the housing policy and compares policy programs designed to improve living conditions in rural areas.  The development of SD model to analyze the effects of housing policy for rural areas is a huge task. 7 processes are required to develop the model: designing various sub-models that compose the society, identifying causal relationship among variables in individual sub-model and system flow, establishing a model, analyzing the behavior of model, evaluating the feasibility, analyzing policy and making a decision. Population Housing Integration Model, Regional Income and Household Income Model and Housing Policy Model were established as a big model and 17 sub-models were established under them. Based on the model, a future housing market in rural areas was expected and policy effects including quantitative effects like housing supply rate and the number of housing units per 1000 persons and qualitative effects like living conditions and required financial resources to implement the policy were estimated.  Policy effects against costs were weighed and analyzed using SD model and the result shows that the policies that could lead to the most significant improvement in housing conditions for rental house in rural areas are the ones that support housing purchase and fund for rent followed by housing allowance and housing voucher system, which are living cost subsidy system designed for households that belong to the second income quantile or lower.  This study is meaningful in that it developed “housing service indicator”, which shows the quality of living conditions, expects future housing and living conditions in rural areas, and calculates the effects of housing policy and social costs required to implement the policy. Existing studies have limitations regarding the model establishment and analysis on rural housing conditions. In this regard, this study opens a new chapter for rural housing policy research.
  • Special Report (Vol. 23)
    Special Report (Vol. 23) 첨부파일
    SPECIAL REPORT VOL. 23 (2013)       A Study on the National Minimum Standard on Transport Services of the Road Infrastructure’s Accessibility            Chapter 1. Introduction      1. Statement of Issues   2. Basic Concept & Evaluation Items   3.Review of Domestic and Overseas Case Examples     Chapter 2. Main Contents      1. Evaluation Items & Methods for the Minimum Transport Service Standard   2. Current Status Assessment based on the Minimum Transport Service Standard   3. Development & Evaluation of Road Poverty Index (RoPI)   4. Summary of Evaluation Result & Implications    Chapter 3. Conclusion      1.Utilization of Evaluation Result for Policy Establishment   2. Implications & Future Tasks        
  • Special Report (Vol. 22)
    Special Report (Vol. 22) 첨부파일
    * 「Special Report」Vol. 22 has been published        A Study on the Urban Industrial Location Policy for the Vitalization of Regional Economy        Chapter 1. Introduction    _______________            Chapter 2. Issues Faced by Industrial Location in Large Cities and Policy Response    _______________    1. Change in the Economic Status of Large Cities    2. Current State and Issues of Industrial Location in Large Cities    3. Change in Policy on Industrial Location in Cities        Chapter 3. Classification of Industrial Location in Large Cities and Case Study    _______________    1. Classification of Region Depending on Industrial Cluster and State of Industrial Location    2. Case Study: Characteristics of Urban Industrial Location and Policy Tasks            Chapter 4. Policy on Vitalization of Urban Industrial Location    _______________    1. Basic Direction of Policy    2. Ways to Improve System to Vitalize Urban Industrial Location        _______________    References    _______________   
  • Special Report (Vol. 21)
    Special Report (Vol. 21) 첨부파일
    Special ReportVol. 21 has been published    A Study of the Status Diagnosis on Health and Longevity in Cities by Region for the Improvement of the Quality of Life    Chapter 1. Introduction  _______________      Chapter 2. Reviews of theories and establishment of concepts  _______________      Chapter 3. Diagnosis of the level of healthy longevity of people: regional characteristics  _______________  1. Overview  2. Discrepancies in the level of healthy longevity of citizens by region      Chapter 4. Diagnosis of the level of healthy longevity in urban environments and the correlation with the level of healthy longevity of citizens  _______________  1. Diagnosis of the level of healthy longevity in urban environments  2.Correlation between the level of healthy longevity of people and the level of healthy longevity in urban environments      Chapter 5. Conclusions and future research tasks  _______________  References  _______________ 
  • Special Report (Vol. 20)
    Special Report (Vol. 20) 첨부파일
    Chapter 1. Introduction _ 1   _______________     1. Background 2    2. Purpose of the study 3    3. Analysis framework of the study 4      Chapter 2. Urban and Transport Changes Brought by Smart ICT _ 5   _______________    1. Urban changes brought by smart ICT 6    2. Transport changes brought by smart ICT 10    Chapter 3. Empirical Study: Impact of Smart ICT on Travel Behavior _ 15   _______________     1. Analysis overview 16    2. Basic statistics analysis 17    3. ICT-enabled changes in the activity generation frequency: Tobit model 29      Chapter 4. Empirical Study: Impact of Smart ICT on the Choice of Transportation Mode _ 37   _______________     1. Analysis overview 38    2. Basic statistical analysis 41    3. Model analysis result 47      Chapter 5. Conclusion & Follow-Up Study _ 59   _______________       References _ 64    _______________       
  • Special Report (Vol. 19)
    Special Report (Vol. 19) 첨부파일
    SPECIAL REPORT VOL. 19 (2013) A Paradigm Shift and Policies for River Management in KOREA   Chapter 1. Introduction 1. Background and Necessity for This Research 2. Research Purpose and Major Contents 3. Previous Research and Related Theories Chapter 2. Concept of Current River Management and Major Contents 1. Definition and Functions of a River 2. Purpose and Content of River Management Chapter 3. Process and Prospect for a Paradigm Shift in River Management 1. The Paradigm Shift Process in River Management 2. Prediction for a Future River Management Paradigm  Chapter 4. Policy Direction for River Management in Consideration of a Paradigm Shift 1. Vision of River Management and Management Concepts 2. Direction of Future River Management Policies 3. Suggestions for River Management Policies of the Future 4. Legal and Institutional Improvement Plans Chapter 5. Conclusion
  • Special Report (Vol. 18)
    Special Report (Vol. 18) 첨부파일
    SPECIAL REPORT VOL. 18 (2012) Enhancement of Linkage Between Housing and Transportation Policies:  Focus on Residential Location Choice in the Seoul Metropolitan Area / Backjin LEE, Ilho CHUNG, Hyeran KIM, Minho SEO 1. Introduction 2. Literature Review 3. Methodology 4. Case Study 5. Conclusions Diagnosis and Utilization of Spatial Structure to Promote the Competitiveness of Mega-Economic Regions / Eun-Sun Im, Won-Sup Lee, Mi-Young Lee and Gyoung-Ju Lee 1. Introduction 2. Spatial Structure of a Mega-Economic Region 3. Urban System and Regional Structure in a Mega-Economic Region 4. Land Use Structure in Mega-Economic Regions 5. Industrial Location Structure in Mega-Economic Regions 6. Transportation Structure in Mega-Economic Regions 7. Measures for Enhancing Spatial Efficiencies in Mega-Economic Regions 8. Conclusions
  • Special Report (Vol. 17)
    Special Report (Vol. 17) 첨부파일
    SPECIAL REPORT VOL. 17 (2010) Green Growth: A Paradigm Shift in Regional Development Eco2 Cities: Ecological Cities as Economic Cities and Extended Platform for Collaborative Regional Development / Hiroaki Suzuki, Hinako Maruyama  1. Introduction  2. Ecological Cities as Economic Cities  3. Overview of Eco2 Cities Initiative  4. Collaborative Design and Decision-Making at Regional Level Innovation and Regional Development: International Experiences on Innovation Clusters / Byung-ho Oh  1. Introduction  2. SEZ and Innovation Cluster  3. Innovation Cluster: Science and Technology Parks (STPs)  4. Conclusion Energy-Efficient Transport Systems and Urban Policy / Nam-Geon Cho   1. Outline  2. Transport and Energy  3. Energy Saving Measures for the Current Transport System  4. Urban Policies for Energy Savings of Transport Systems  5. Conclusion  Foreword  Korea will be hosting the G20 summit meeting in November this year. It is a proof that Korea is emerging as an international leader in politics and economics. The Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements (KRIHS) has been promoting international cooperation and exchanges with advanced nations and providing aids to developing countries over the past 30 years. In 2009, KRIHS and the World Bank Institute (WBI) have jointly hosted an international seminar under the theme Green Growth: A Paradigm Shift in Regional Development. The goal of the seminar was to devise strategies to support green growth initiatives of developing countries and promote cooperation between KRIHS and WBI.  The reason for selecting green growth as the main theme of the seminar was because currently, the world is suffering from energy depletion crisis, with the entire world dependent upon fossil fuels for 85% of its energy. The use of fossil fuels generates greenhouse gases, which in turn, causes global warming that threatens the existence of mankind. The average global temperature is rising by 0.74 degrees annually, and it is creating such bizarre phenomena around the world as drought, flood, heat wave, and the destruction of the natural habitat.  These gave rise to interest in green growth; since the oil crisis in the 1970s, increasing number of countries have been trying to apply green growth models, emulating models of nations such as Denmark and Germany, which achieved energy independence.  Korea also jumped on the global bandwagon towards green growth. On August 15, 2008, in a speech commemorating the 60th anniversary of the foundation of Korea, President Lee Myung-bak set “low-carbon, green growth” as the national vision for the next 60 years. Since then, the Presidential Committee on Green Growth has been formed to deliberate government’s policies, plans, and action plans.  At the seminar, various efforts taken by the Korean government to achieve green growth were introduced by Korean professionals. They include the restoration of four major rivers, formation of green growth strategies, and designation of special economic zones as new growth engines. It was a venue for sharing global issues related to urban development; eco city initiatives; green growth initiatives of emerging economies; policies and strategies for improving fuel economy and saving energy; and regional development and innovation in this knowledge-based economy. In addition, 2010 World Development Reports were presented for the first time at the seminar. It emphasized that we should “act now,” as today’s actions determine tomorrow’s options and much as at risk already due to the rapid climate change; “act together,” meaning that high-income countries need to take the lead but that all have a role to play in this global initiative; and “act differently,” referring to the need to make robust rather than optimal decisions.  This special edition of the Special Report contains three presentations covered at the seminar. The first one is “Eco2 Cities: Ecological Cities as Economic Cities and Extended Platform for Collaborative Regional Development” by Mr. Hiroaki Suzuki, Lead Urban Specialist of the World Bank, and Ms. Hinako Maruyama, Urban Planner of the World Bank. It describes Eco2 Cities initiative and introduces the Hammarby Model, a good example of an integrated planning that helped reduce the use of resources and emissions; and an overview of the Auckland Sustainability Framework. It discusses how to go from ecological cities versus economic cities (Eco versus Eco) to ecological cities as economic cities (Eco2 cities). “Innovation and Regional Development: International Experiences on Innovation Clusters” by Mr. Byung-ho Oh, professor of KDI School of Public Policy and Management, outlines the growth of East Asian economies and innovation clusters and designation of Special Economic Zones. It introduces overseas case studies including Chinese and Singapore case studies as well as domestic case studies. The last presentation, “Energy-Efficient Transport Systems and Urban Policy” written by Mr. Nam-geon Cho, head of the Center for National Infrastructure Policy at KRIHS, communicates energy saving measures for current transport system, which include development of green cars, hybrid vehicles, and alternative fuel, and eco-driving and education. It also discusses urban policies that help save energy: setting restriction on car use, promoting the use of public transportation, and forging bicycle and pedestrian-friendly cities.  I believe this Special Report would provide you with a better understanding on the importance of green growth. It is my pleasure to recommend you this special edition of the Special Report. My sincere thanks goes to all who have contributed to this report and especially to the staff of KRIHS and the World Bank who have organized this seminar and put together the presentations in this special edition. Thank you very much. Yang-ho Park, PhD President Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements
  • Special Report (Vol. 16)
    Special Report (Vol. 16) 첨부파일
    SPECIAL REPORT VOL. 16 (2010) The Development of Transportation Infrastructure in Korea: Retrospect and Prospect / Il-ho Chung  1. Introduction  2. Features of the Transportation Infrastructure  3. Korea's TI Development Policy Changes and Achievements  4. Condition Change Outlook and Tasks for Korea’s TI Development  5. Conclusion  Climate Change and Sustainable Land Management Strategies in Korea - Focusing on Greenhouse Gas Inventories by Region / Yeong-kook Choi, Jin-kyu Chung, Eun-sun Im, Ou-bae Sim, Myung-soo Kim, Moon-woun Lee, Kwang-ik Wang, Yeon-mi Seo, Jung-eun Park  1. Introduction  2. Review of Previous Studies  3. Methods to Estimate Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Region  4. Status and Characteristics of Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Region  5. Utilization of Inventories for Sustainable Land Management  6. Conclusion  Applications of KOPSS (Korea Planning Support Systems) / Eun-sun Im, Dae-jong Kim, Gyoung-ju Lee, Young-joo Lee, Kirl Kim, Yoon-young Jeong, Jong-duk Park  1. Overview  2. Regional Planning Support Model: REPSUM  3. Land Use Planning Support Model  4. Urban Regeneration Planning Support Model  5. Application of the Urban Public Facility Planning Support Model  6. Applications of the Landscape Planning Support System
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